Review Exercise: Avoiding Fragments, Run on Sentences and Comma Splices


How to avoid sentence fragments.

1. Make sure every sentence has a subject and a verb.

2. Do not mistake an “ing” verb for the complete verb.

3. Make sure every sentence has at least one independent clause.

How to avoid run-on sentences and comma splices.

1. Connect two independent clauses with a comma plus one of these coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, yet, so.

2. Separate two independent clauses with a semicolon or period.

3. Change one of the independent clauses into a dependent clause.


Rewrite the following paragraph. Change the fragments, run-ons, and comma splices into complete and correct sentences. Add punctuation marks if necessary.

Cats make great pets, you have to be affectionate with them. Not always coming when you call them. Because they are rather independent animals. Many people prefer dogs, you can train them to come, or sit, or fetch a bone. With cats, on the other hand, you have to be willing to let them live their own lives if you attempt to train them you may become discouraged. If you put two cats in the same room you are in for quite a treat. They chase each other, usually all in fun and when one catches the other the real show begins. Often they will cuddle and clean each other sometimes they will fight. The wise pet owner will know when to break up a fight and when to let go since it is only play for the cats. They can be great company if you understand them.

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